From the 1940’s the government started taking a more active interest in beef cattle. As discussed in the pasture section, the State and Commonwealth governments’ War Service Land Settlement program reduced the scale of many extensive beef properties but also the research into trace elements and the development of subterranean clover enabled vast areas of previously infertile mallee scrub, heath and lateritic soil country to be brought into production in the South East, Kangaroo Island and southern Eyre Peninsula. This resulted in primarily pasture properties breeding prime lambs, producing wool and in increasing numbers running herds of beef cattle in conjunction with their sheep.

Photo No.: 106573 Title: Development of legume pastures on cleared land (photo from D. S. Riceman, CSIRO). Date: c.1950

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