Surplus calves bred by the dairy industry have always been a source of beef animals. At the time milk was paid for by the percentage of butter fat produced, jerseys were the most popular dairy breed but their progeny were rarely used to produce beef resulting in most dairy calves being slaughtered within a few weeks of birth for veal. As cross breeding became more popular and the friesian became the dominant dairy cow more calves were reared to yearlings or older for beef.

103671
Photo No.: 103671 Title: Hereford and Charolias breed cattle crossed with Jersey cattle. Date: Sep 1970  
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