African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease of domestic and wild pigs. It is often fatal for infected pigs. There is no vaccination or cure for the disease.
ASF does not affect humans.
There is a risk of ASF being introduced to Australia in imported pig products. The disease can survive freezing and processing of pork.
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Global detections of African Swine Fever
Australia is free from ASF.
The disease has spread into South East Asia including China, Vietnam and South Korea, and mostly recently Timor-Leste. The disease is also present in parts of Africa and Europe.
For more information visit Animal Health Australia
How African Swine Fever is spread
ASF spreads through contact with:
- infected pigs, contaminated vehicles, equipment and clothing
- contaminated pork products being fed to pigs.
How you can reduce disease spread
There are a number of measures you can take to reduce the spread, including:
- Not feeding your pigs meat or meat products (this is known as swill feeding), or any food that has come into contact with meat or meat products. This is illegal in Australia.
- Not packing pork or pork products when travelling to Australia.
- Keeping up good on farm biosecurity.
- If shopping online, making sure food products that contain pork meet import conditions (some products require a permit).
Symptoms of African Swine fever in pigs
Key signs of ASF include:
- death (possibly before other signs are noticeable)
- blotching/reddening of the skin
- high fever
- lack of coordination or stiff gait
- difficulty breathing
- dysentery or diarrhoea
Humans cannot catch ASF.
How to report suspect disease
If you notice sick pigs, immediately contact one of the options below:
- your veterinarian
- the Emergency Animal Disease Watch Hotline on 1800 675 888 (available 24 hours)
- PIRSA animal health staff.
Register your pigs
All properties with pigs – including pet pigs – require:
- a property identification code (PIC) and
- an associated Pig Brand.
If you move pigs, you must use the national tracking system, PigPass.
We use identification to manage and trace pigs in the event of a disease outbreak.
Hunting feral pigs
If you are a hunter or shooter, you can help reduce the risk posed by African swine fever by:
- reporting feral pigs to your local Natural Resources Management Board (reporting not mandatory on Kangaroo Island)
- humanely destroying feral pigs on your land. Feral pigs are serious pests and declared for destruction by landholders, under the Natural Resources Management Act
- ensuring all vehicles, clothing and equipment are washed and disinfected after hunting trips
- not leaving food scraps containing meat in the bush after hunting or camping trips
- not keeping, selling, releasing or moving feral pigs
- reporting sick and/or dead feral pigs to the Emergency Animal Disease Watch Hotline on 1800 675 888.
- Fact sheet - African swine fever ()
- Fact sheet - Feeding Pigs ()
- Information for travellers
- Hunters and shooters information
- African swine fever symptoms - English ()
- Don’t pack pork poster - English ()
- Don’t pack pork poster - Chinese ()
- Don't pack pork poster - Vietnamese ()
- Dispose of food waste responsibly flyer - English ()
- Dispose of food waste responsibly flyer - Chinese ()
- Dispose of food waste responsibly flyer - Vietnamese ()
Keep Your Pigs Healthy video
Find out how you can keep our pigs happy and healthy this Year of the Pig. Get advice, tag or tattoo your pig, don’t feed food scraps and don’t pack pork when entering Australia.
PIRSA acknowledges New South Wales Department of Primary Industries for supplying this video.