Pigeon paramyxovirus infects pigeons mostly but can infect other species of birds.
Up to 75% of birds infected with paramyxovirus die within 3 days.It is therefore a nationally notifiable disease where disease suspicion in South Australia must be notified to PIRSA under the Livestock Act 1997.
Pigeon paramyxovirus is not considered a human health risk.
Symptoms in pigeons
- not wanting to fly
- vomiting white tinged fluid
- circling or head flicking
- sudden death.
Symptoms in other bird species
Symptoms of paramyxovirus vary in different bird species. The avian paramyxovirus infection shows signs that are:
Symptoms may include some or all of the following:
- paralysed wings
- twisted necks
- drop in egg production.
Contact your local veterinarian or phone the Animal Disease Hotline immediately on 1800 675 888 if your birds are showing any of the symptoms listed above.
- removing litter, sand, and grit from the aviary between batches of birds
- clean aviaries thoroughly with soapy water and disinfect as necessary
- clean and disinfect feed and water containers regularly
- clean and disinfect any equipment that is from other bird keepers.
Prevent contact between your birds and wild birds by:
- restricting access to open ponds, lakes, and creeks
- using protective netting to stop wild birds entering domestic bird areas
- reduce shelter and hiding places for wild birds in domestic bird areas
- keep sick, injured, or lost pigeons separate from your own birds
- keep feed and water free of animal waste
- limit visitors to your birds
- separate and monitor new birds for at least 30 days before introducing them to your existing flock.
- from a reputable producer or breeder
- healthy looking
- have had a veterinary examination.
- leaving sick birds at home
- cleaning and disinfecting equipment before and after the show
- not handling other birds
- quarantining show birds when returning home for a minimum of 4 weeks
- keeping a register of bird movements in and out of the premises.
- monitoring the current disease situation and cancelling the show if necessary
- making sure all exhibitors are aware of the need to report symptoms of paramyxovirus
- keeping adequate records of exhibitors and birds attending club meetings
- keeping waterfowl separate from other types of birds
- inspecting cages brought into the show to make sure they are clean
- minimising public access to birds
- isolating birds showing signs of illness
- having a veterinarian available during the show
- reporting sick or dead birds immediately to Biosecurity SA on 1800 675 888.
- keeping clothes and equipment clean
- disinfecting hands between handling birds.