South Australia's strict biosecurity standards:

  • support overseas market access
  • give consumers confidence in our products
  • give our products a competitive advantage.


Our livestock industry is protected by biosecurity standards.

Animal identification and movement

There are 2 animal identification systems in South Australia that can trace animals to help control diseases:

  1. National Livestock Identification System (NLIS) enables the rapid tracing of livestock in the event of any disease outbreak, contamination, or residue incident.
  2. Property Identity Codes (PIC) for all properties with livestock. PIC codes must be updated every time an animal is moved to a property with a different PIC.

Advisory groups

Advisory groups for a number of South Australian livestock industries have been established under the Livestock Act 1997. They provide advice to the Minister for Primary Industries and Regional Development on the operation of this Act as it relates to property registration, industry codes of practice, vendor declarations, surveillance and relevant regulations for industry as appropriate. Having a good relationship with industry via livestock advisory groups has also led to substantial industry co-funding of biosecurity initiatives.

Disease Surveillance programs and projects

South Australia has animal health programs and projects underway, including surveillance, disease control, accreditation programs and other health related activities. South Australia also participates in a number of National animal health projects. Surveillance provides evidence of disease freedom which is required for market access and increases the early detection of exotic disease incursion.

Reporting diseases

Animal diseases that are of national concern are 'notifiable' animal diseases. This means that there is a legal requirement for anyone including the owner, manager, veterinarian, or livestock consultant who suspects or diagnoses a notifiable disease to immediately report it. Diseases are generally made notifiable if they are seen as significant threats to production, trade or human health.

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Grains and horticulture

We have strict quality assurance standards and procedures for grains and horticultural products.

Each grain delivery into storage is subjected to strict testing for quality attributes defined by Grain Trade Australia. These tests make sure South Australian grain meet high international standards.

Plant and animal pests

Our biosecurity standards and quarantine requirements manage potential risks to our grain and horticultural industries.

South Australia remains the only Australian mainland state that is fruit fly free. Fruit fly is one of the world’s worst fruit pests and can destroy fruit and vegetables in commercial crops and home gardens.

We have have these systems in place to protect our agricultural products:

  • Mandatory reporting of suspected plant pests under the Plant Health Act 2009.
  • The Emergency Plant Pest Hotline that is available 24 hours.
  • The Fruit Fly Hotline that is available 24 hours.
  • Plant pest surveillance and trapping systems.
  • A First Response Team ready to provide expertise in responding to detections of exotic plant pests and diseases to the grains and horticulture industries. The Plant Health Act provides quarantine mechanisms, powers of entry and powers to apply orders on owners of properties critical to delimiting and responding to exotic plant pest detections. Biosecurity SA maintains contingency arrangements for responding to plants pest detections in grains, fruits, vegetables and other plants and plant material within South Australia. It also contributes to national contingency arrangements for exotic plant pests and diseases.
  • Import compliance, inspection and audit arrangements for plants, including the Plant Quarantine Standard, which include strict regulations and requirements for importers on the entry of plants and plant-related products into South Australia.
  • Plant quarantine restrictions apply throughout Australia when crossing state borders. A national border protection network also operates at airports, sea and rail terminals and road and port entry points.
  • The South Australian government operates 4 fixed quarantine stations and random roadblocks to ensure compliance by travelers with quarantine restrictions.

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Biosecurity standards protect our seafood products.

Biosecurity SA manages threats from aquatic pests by:

  • Focusing on the preventing aquatic pests and diseases entering South Australia.
  • Responding to detections, spread and establishment of new pest species. Detection and monitoring by the community is a vital tool in identifying new pest species before they become established and controlling their spread.
  • Educating the community on aquatic pests issues and potential impacts.
  • Supporting control programs to minimise the ongoing impacts of aquatic pests that cannot be eradicated.

Marine pest management

Biosecurity SA is involved with national committees to coordinate management of exotic aquatic pests across Australia:

More information

Biosecurity SA aquatic pests

Page Last Reviewed: 20 Jul 2016
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