Weeds in South Australia
Weeds are plants that grow wild and have negative impacts on primary industries, native vegetation or human health. The cost of weeds to Australian agriculture is more than $4 billion each year.
Many weeds, particularly those that invade bushland, rivers and coasts are escaped garden plants. Weed risk assessment is now used to determine the weed potential of new plant introductions to Australia.
Declared plants are weeds that are regulated under the Natural Resources Management Act 2004 due to their threat to primary industry, the natural environment and public safety.
Plants are declared under the provisions of the Act relating to their movement, sale, notification and control.
Natural Resources Management boards oversee control programs for declared plants in each region.
- SA Weed Control app
- Weed Control Handbook for Declared Plants in South Australia July 2018 ()
- List of declared plants and animals ( or )
- Plants banned from sale in South Australia ( or )
- Declared plants in South Australia: are they on your land? ()
- Aquatic weeds of South Australia: can you recognize them? ()
- SA weed risk management guide ( or )
Some declared plants are also alert weeds because they are not yet established in South Australia and pose a serious threat.
Early detection is important so the plant can be destroyed before it becomes a serious problem.
Opuntioid cacti are major weed threats to South Australia’s livestock industry, and environment. The Managing Opuntioid Cacti in Australia manual provides best practice information for managing these pests.
- Managing Opuntioid Cacti in Australia manual ()
- Opuntioid Cacti Management Guide () - 12 page summary of the manual.
- State Opuntioid Cacti Management Plan () - provides further information.
Silverleaf nightshade is a deep-rooted perennial weed threatening crops and pastures in this State, and also a Weed of National Significance. A national best practice management manual has now been published.
Statewide management plans
Plans for specific weeds have been prepared to guide coordinated management programs:
- Management Plan for Silverleaf Nightshade in South Australia ()
- Buffel grass information page and State Buffel Grass Strategic Plan. ()
Weeds of National Significance (WoNS)
WoNS are Australia’s most invasive plants. They have proven social, economic and environmental impacts that require national action to manage. There are national programs and strategies for each WoNS.
Wheel Cactus and African Boxthorn control and demo site
Wheel Cactus and African Boxthorn are classed as WoNS. A trial and demonstration site has been established in the Mid-North of South Australia to compare the effectiveness of aerial and mechanical control of African Boxthorn, and to demonstrate various ‘traditional’ chemical treatments for both species.
Read more about the Wheel Cactus and African Boxthorn trial and demonstration site.